Setting Up A Medical Laboratory? Here Are 5 Must-Have Types Of Lab Equipment

Following the invention of exquisite and cutting-edge laboratory gadgets, by now you must be finding it very hard to tell the difference between what you need and what you want. To avoid this conundrum, here are the most basic and key types of equipment that your laboratory would need to kick-start operations in the best possible way.

1. Safety is key!

While many would first begin by considering all the technical equipment needed, you need to remember that your safety and that of other laboratory workers always comes first! Ensure you are well-geared with adequate high-quality firefighting equipment such as fire extinguishers, fire sensors and sprinkler systems that meet the standard safety regulations. For personal safety, ensure you have guaranteed quality protective suits and gas masks among other personal protective equipment. For poisonous gases, equip your lab with fume chambers whose ventilation system is well fitted.

2. Proper storage equipment is essential!

Dealing with biological samples requires very delicate handling and storage techniques. For instance, most biological tissues need to be properly refrigerated to ensure they remain viable for testing. As in the case of other biochemical reagents which don’t need refrigeration, ensure you have wall-mounted, lockable cupboards, preferably away from direct sunlight. A great storage tip is to ensure that you have your reagents stored systematically according to similar groups to avoid any mix-ups.

3. Water-based equipment are key!

As you well know, water is the universal solvent and its application cuts across almost every process in your laboratory. Apart from ensuring your laboratory has an adequate water supply, see to it that you purchase equipment such as water baths for procedures requiring a specific temperature condition. You would also need water purifiers and distillers for treatment of water. Distilled water is primarily used so as to ensure minimal interference from the impurities and ions found in regular tap water.

4. Analytical apparatus

To generate data during your procedures, there are some very crucial analytical equipment pieces you wouldn’t want to miss. First, microscopy is essential for all procedures. Depending on the type of analysis you are carrying out, you will need different types of microscopes which possess varying levels of magnification. Similarly, most medical labs won’t survive without a centrifuge. Separation of biological samples such as blood, viruses and nucleic acids relies on this all-important process. There are different types of centrifugation devices you can use depending on your objective. Before deciding on which centrifuge you need, you’ll want to scout around on some topnotch biological sites such as to get well informed on the different techniques of centrifugation.


Equipment such as test tubes, cylinders, and jars are basically the hub of biochemical reactions. Ensure you are well-stocked with these for ease of work during experiments. You would also need tissue culture flasks and culture tubes among other lab-ware for human cells and bacteria growth.

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