1. The Stretch
Gangotri Glacier originates the holy river in western Himalayas which flows through northern India and ends at Bay of Bengal in eastern India flowing nearly 3,877 kms making it one of the largest rivers in the world. It is considered to be the most sacred of all the rivers in India.
2. Dushit Ganga
Pollution in Ganga has led to formation of tumors in zooplanktons. These zooplanktons are food sources for small fish which are in turn eaten by bigger fish, which are in turn consumed by humans. As a result, these tumors are not widespread in our food chain.
3. Shifting with time
Ganga is shifting! Ganga has shifted by 500 meters from its original course, In Haridwar due to deforestation and pollution. This continued shifting trend can cause widespread destruction on farming settlements in Ganga plains. In last 30 years, the shift has increased significantly. In Bihar, the river has shifted by 2.5 kilometres since 1990.
4. Livelihood near the banks
Speaking of fertile plains, the plains of Ganga are exceptionally fertile, supporting the livelihood of over 400 million people. Another 1.2 billion Indians live in the 1557-mile stretch around this river.
5. Marine Lives
Ganga is the home for 140 different species of fish and 90 different species of amphibians, many of which are near extinction today.
6. Depth near Death
The average depth of the Ganges River is 16m or 52ft and the highest depth is 30m or 100ft.
7. Engineers on job
University of Roorkee’s D.S. Bhargava, an environmental engineer, studied and found that Ganga is the only river in the world that decomposes organic wastes at a rate 15 to 25 times faster compared to other rivers in entire world.
8. The favourite Fish
The Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista Gangetica) gets its common name from the river they are most predominantly found in, but locally they are known as the Susu( the sound they make when coming to the surface to breath). The Dolphin in Ganga river can reach up to about 8 ft (2.5 meters) in length and weigh around 330 pounds (150 kg), making them one of the larger species of river dolphin.
9. Swatch Ganga
The Ganga suffers from utmost pollution levels, which affect the 400 million people who live close to the river and is a subject of concern . And this led to birth of Namami Gange Project , an ambitious Union Government Project which unites the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner.
10. The Submarine Fan
Ganga too has a Submarine Fan and it is THE LARGEST Submarine Fan in entire world, spanning over a length of 3000 km and width of 1000 km. The maximum thickness of Ganga’s Submarine Fan is 16.5 km. India considers this Fan to be of utmost importance because scientists believe that the fan is vast source of untapped hydrocarbon deposits.